In this Issue of Voices of Mexico
Content

EDITORIAL
Our Voice

Silvia Núñez García

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POLITICS
An Exceptional Election in a
No-Longer-So-Exceptional United States
José Luis Valdés-Ugalde
Diana Castillo

Hillary Clinton and Donald J. Trump have had very different careers. Hillary has more experience in U.S. government: she was first lady during her husband’s presidential terms, senator from 2001 to 2009, and secretary of state during the first Barack Obama administration, after running for the Democratic Party nomination in 2008. Donald Trump, by contrast, is a multimillionaire businessman and real-estate investor who has played minor roles in Hollywood’s movie industry and, therefore, is not part of the Republican establishment’s main groups.

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ECONOMY
The Fed, Monetary Policy, and the Effects on Emerging Economies

Claudia Maya

At the time of this writing, the U.S. Federal Reserve (Fed) is the world’s most closely watched and feared central bank. Its decisions over the coming months will have direct, adverse repercussions for emerging economies, particularly those most indebted in dollars and in international financial markets. The importance of these decisions resides in the worldwide acceptance of the dollar as the main currency for commercial, financial, and reserve transactions.

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SOCIETY
Advances and Challenges In Teacher Evaluation in Mexico

María Esther Padilla Medina
José Luis Gutiérrez Espíndola

The first formal experiences of teacher evaluation in Mexico came out of the National Teaching Career Program (pncm), created in 1992 to evaluate, among other things, professional preparation. The program did this with an exam that was widely used for 20 years, and the results determined teachers’ bonuses.

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INTERNATIONAL ISSUES
The Mexican and Chinese Diasporas in the United States Converging Political Challenges?

Silvia Núñez García

The importance that migration has taken on globally allows us to predict that the twenty-first century will be marked by human mobility. According to the International Organization for Migration (iom), recently incorporated into the United Nations System, by 2015, an estimated 244 million international migrants existed worldwide. This was a record: 41 percent more than the number registered in the year 2000, without even counting the migrants inside countries, estimated at 740 million. Of these, China heads the list with 150 million people going from rural to urban areas.

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CANADIAN ISSUES
Interview with Pierre Alarie, Canadian Ambassador to Mexico

Leonardo Curzio

Leonardo Curzio (LC): What is the state of Mexican-Canadian relations?
Ambassador Pierre Alarie (PA): Excellent. The relationship, which goes beyond just the diplomatic sphere, is over 71 years old, and its quality and diversification is optimal. As you know, last October 19, we elected a new government, and Mr. Enrique Peña Nieto was the first foreign head of government to call the prime minister to congratulate him, so the relationship immediately began to renew itself.

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ART AND CULTURE
Shoring for the Soul of Paloma Torres
Luis Ignacio Sáinz

Two women stand out on the pages of this issue of Voices of Mexico: Rina Lazo, praised not because she was Diego Rivera’s apprentice and collaborator, but because of the light of her own with which she illuminated the visual arts scene in the mid-twentieth century; and Paloma Torres, a visual artist who understands and is committed to her surroundings. Urban and natural scenery are both inspiration and creative material that she uses to weave her art; art that is of today, but with ancestral roots.

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THE SPLENDOR OF MEXICO
Mangroves, More than Just a Postcard. Environmental Recovery of Mexico’s Mangroves

María Teresa Gutiérrez Mercadillo

Coastal wetlands are areas where ocean salt water and fresh water from streams and rivers come together; they are made up of different species of trees able to grow in soil waterlogged with salt water, mainly mangroves.
These ecosystems represent very important environmental goods, values, and services. In one year, each hectare of mangrove forest produces about 12 tons of fallen...

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MUSEUMS
Yesterday Is Today at the El Carmen Museum

Teresa Jiménez

Centuries ago it was a large fruit orchard in the town of San Ángel. Today, it is a traffic-clogged thoroughfare in southern Mexico City. Here, in the midst of daily chaos, the El Carmen Museum emerges like bookends enclosing chapters of history.

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SPECIAL SECTION
Reflections on Canada’s October 2015 Federal Elections

Canada’s most recent federal elections offered uncommon scenarios due to the level of confrontation between the contenders. A large part of these clashes involved attacks by the New Democrats and the Liberals against the Conservative Party and then-Prime Minister Stephen Harper, who, after a little over nine and a half years in office had made a series of changes both domestically and internationally, changing to a great extent social practices nationwide and Canada’s image in the world.

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REVIEWS
Estados Unidos y los principales actores de la reconfiguración del orden mundial en el siglo XXI
Omar Jesús Ayala Martínez

This book is an indispensable reference for understanding the evolution of the United States during the second decade of the twenty-first century. It is the result of coordinated efforts by the National Autonomous University of México’s Center for Research on North America, the Autonomous Metropolitan University’s Xochimilco campus, and the Iberoamerican University.

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Editorial
Our Voice
Silvia Núñez García

Politics

An Exceptional Election in a No-Longer-So-Exceptional United States
José Luis Valdés-Ugalde
Diana Castillo

Economy

The Fed, Monetary Policy, and the Effects on Emerging Economies
Claudia Maya

Myths and Realities of the tpp A Development Strategy for Mexico?
Enrique Pino Hidalgo

Society

Advances and Challenges In Teacher Evaluation in Mexico
María Esther Padilla Medina
José Luis Gutiérrez Espíndola

Diverse and Fragmented. High-School-Level Education in Mexico
Adriana Dander F.

International Issues

The Mexican and Chinese Diasporas in the United States Converging Political Challenges?
Silvia Núñez García

Canadian Issues

Interview with Pierre Alarie, Canadian Ambassador to Mexico
Leonardo Curzio

Art and Culture

Shoring for the Soul of Paloma Torres
Luis Ignacio Sáinz

TIN TAN Mexico´s First Postmodern Icon
David R. Maciel

Crossing the Boundaries of Art Practice, Education, and Gender: Diego Rivera And Rina Lazo in Context
Dina Comisarenco Mirkin

Boris Viskin Beauty Will Come Later
Carmen Sánchez Cumming

A Documentary of Unaccompanied Central American Children Migrants
Susana Vargas Evaristo

The Splendor of Mexico

Mangroves, More than Just a Postcard. Environmental Recovery of Mexico’s Mangroves
María Teresa Gutiérrez Mercadillo

Museums

Yesterday Is Today at the El Carmen Museum
Teresa Jiménez

Special Section

REFLECTIONS ON CANADA'S OCTOBER 2015 FEDERAL ELECTIONS
Oliver Santín Peña

Canadian Foreign Policy The Justin Trudeau Approach
John M. Kirk

Canada’s 2015 Federal Elections. A Retreat from Conservatism?
Oliver Santín Peña

Civic Engagement and Public Participation In Strengthening Canadian Democracy
Mary Carmen Peloche Barrera

Electoral and Political Implications Of a Larger Canadian Parliament
Roberto Zepeda Martínez

Trudeau’s Climate Policy. A Chance to Go Beyond Business as Usual
Marcela López-Vallejo Olvera

The 2015 Federal Elections’ Impact on Canada’s Foreign Policy
Carlos Gabriel Argüelles Arredondo

Implications for Mexico. Trudeau and the New Immigration and Refugee Policies
David Rocha Romero

Will Cultural Diplomacy Be Reborn?
Graciela Martínez-Zalce

Reviews

Estados Unidos y los principales actores de la reconfiguración del orden mundial en el siglo XXI
Omar Jesús Ayala Martínez

Más allá de la maquila. Contribución de la subcontratación internacional al desarrollo de China
Mariana Aparicio Ramírez

Directory

Director
Silvia Nuñez
nugar@unam.mx


Editor-in-Chief
Diego Bugeda Bernal
diebb@unam.mx

Editors
María Cristina Hernández Escobar
lilith@unam.mx
Teresa Jiménez Andreu
tejian@unam.mx


See Complete Directory

About Us

Voices of Mexico is published by the Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte, CISAN (Center for Research on North América) of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico).

The magazine brings our readers information about different issues of general interest in Mexico, particularly regarding culture and the arts, the environment, and socio-economic development. It features critical articles and literature by Mexican authors in English and is distributed in Mexico, the United States, and Canada.

Contact

Address: Torre II de Humanidades, piso 9, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, 04510, México D.F.
Telephone: (52-55) 5623 0308
                                    5623 02 81
Fax: (52-55) 5623 0308
Electronic mail: voicesmx@unam.mx