In this Issue of Voices of Mexico
Content


Our Voice

Graciela Martínez-Zalce Sánchez


POLITICS
The Border between Mexico
And the United States
Patricia Galeana

Relations between neighbors are always a foreign policy priority, even though they are also often conflictive. For historical and cultural reasons, relations between Mexico and the United States are even more complex because the two countries are the border between Latin and Anglo America and personify the clash between two antagonist cultures: the first, Catholic and idealistic, the other, Protestant and pragmatic.


LAW
Women’s Access to Criminal Justice
On the San Diego-Tijuana Border

Janeth Hernández Flores

The Context: Violence, Impunity, And Women’s Re-victimization
The San Diego-Tijuana bi-national area is an urban space that makes the border expand or retreat, an idea that Ma­rengo Camacho calls an “elastic border.”1 This strip is a “shared, interdependent transborder reality.”2 The continual dynamics and interaction between both sides is due to multiple factors,3 like commuting workers or national and transnational mobility phenomena like migration.


SCIENCE
The Imagination: Where Art and Science Meet

Jorge Reynoso Pohlenz

In his short story “The Exiles” (1949), Ray Bradbury describes a relatively near future in which Edgar Allan Poe lives in off-world exile with other great authors of fiction and their imaginary creatures, among them, the witches from Macbeth. While the literati and their fearful fantasies lament their increasingly tenuous existence, an interplanetary flight crew experiences night-mares, hallucinations, and unexplained deaths for the first time. Their ship is transporting strange relics: books that, despite not having been read in almost a century and being alien to a global rationalist culture that condemns superstitions, are the cause of terrors and disquiet. All of the latter disappear when the books are consigned to a bonfire..., something that also definitively snuffs out the ghosts of Poe and his companions.


ART AND CULTURE
Letters Become Clear with Images
The Images in Letters, Letters in
Images Collection
Alberto Vital and Alfredo Barrios

If we looked for two artistic disciplines that seem to clearly delimit their borders, we could point to photography and literature: one is visual, the other verbal. However, this perception might change if we go back to the history of writing, where images and letters have clearly been symbiotic: suffice it to think about the historic relationship between pictographs, hieroglyphics, or ideographs, which some cultures still use to this day. Some members of the avant-garde, like Guillaume Apollinaire, José Juan Tablada, or Vicente Huidobro, sought an iconic-textual reencounter through their calligrams, poems that form a drawing through the typographical layout of the words.


COMMUNICATION
Transcending Communication Barriers

Juan Humberto Vital Vergara

It was a discovery: “America” —in the U.S. meaning of the word: that is, their country— had been silently invaded by Mexicans. Their numbers growing over the years, people from Michoacán, Jalisco, Zacatecas, Gue-rre-ro, Oaxaca, and Durango, just to mention the best known, added another color to the map of the 50 states of the Union. Neither white nor black were dominant anymore; the color black had burst onto the scene only four dec-ades ago after being ignored, despite the fact that a bloody civil war had been fought in their name. Now was the multicolored time of those born south of the Rio Grande.


FILMOGRAPHY
Mexico Movies about the Border

Ana Luna

Al otro lado [To the Other Side]. Dir.: Gustavo Loza. Mexico: Adicta Films/Imcine/Matatena Films, 2004. Babel. Dir.: Alejandro González Iñárritu. United States/France/Mexico: Anonymous Content/Paramount Pictures/Zeta Film/Central Films/Media Rights Capital, 2006. Backyard [Traspatio]. Dir.: Carlos Carrera. Mexico: Tardan/Berman/Inbursa/Coppel/Fopro Cine/Argos Comunica-ción, 2009.


REVIEWS
“Building Bridges. Chicano/
Mexican Art from L.A. to Mexico City”

Óscar Badillo

From September 21, to November 25, 2018, the Carrillo Gil Art Museum hosted the exhibition “Construyendo puentes. Arte chicano/mexicano de L.A. a CDMX” (Building Bridges. Chicano/Mexican Art from L.A. to Mexico City). The exhibit included graphic art, sketches, photography, performance, and paintings created over the last 50 years by a multi-generational group of Chicano artists. It was made possible thanks to the good offices of the Ministry of Culture through the National Fine Arts Institute, the Ministry of Foreign Relations, and Cástulo de la Rocha, president and CEO of AltaMed Health Services, a health care system serving marginal communities in Southern California.



Our Voice
Graciela Martínez-Zalce Sánchez

Politics

The Border between Mexico
And the United States
Patricia Galeana

Trump’s Racist Wall:
An Icon of His Anti-immigrant Agenda
Mónica Verea

Transborder Paradiplomacy
And Global Problems
Roberto Zepeda

Law

Women’s Access to Criminal Justice
On the San Diego-Tijuana Border
Janeth Hernández Flores

Science

The Imagination: Where Art and Science Meet
Jorge Reynoso Pohlenz

Art and Culture

Letters Become Clear with Images
The Images in Letters, Letters in
Images Collection
Alberto Vital and Alfredo Barrios

Inside and Outside “Paradise”?
Interview with Matilda Aslizadeh
Graciela Martínez-Zalce-Sánchez

From One Place to Another
The Free Art of Carmen Giménez Cacho
Yunuén Sariego

Borders from Above
Santiago Arau Pontones

The Hero, the Border
Eduardo Parra Ramírez

Intestine Insurgency
Luigi Amara

I Feel, Therefore I Am
Alberto Palacios

Mending Wall
Ramón Jiménez Cárdenas

In Response to Trump’s Border Wall
Jorge Francisco Sánchez-Jofras

Communication

Transcending Communication Barriers
Juan Humberto Vital Vergara

Filmography

Mexico Movies about the Border
Ana Luna

Reviews

“Building Bridges. Chicano/
Mexican Art from L.A. to Mexico City”
Óscar Badillo

Directory

Director
Graciela Martínez-Zalce Sánchez
zalce@unam.mx


Coordinator of Publications
Astrid Velasco Montante
astridvm@unam.mx

Editor-in-Chief
Teresa Jiménez Andreu
tejian@unam.mx

See Complete Directory

About Us

Voices of Mexico is published by the Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte, CISAN (Center for Research on North América) of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico).

The magazine brings our readers information about different issues of general interest in Mexico, particularly regarding culture and the arts, the environment, and socio-economic development. It features critical articles and literature by Mexican authors in English and is distributed in Mexico, the United States, and Canada.

Contact

Address: Torre II de Humanidades, piso 9, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, 04510, México D.F.
Telephone: (52-55) 5623 0308
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Fax: (52-55) 5623 0308
Electronic mail: voicesmx@unam.mx